Very few countries in the world offer such a diverse natural landscape as Canada. It’s the second-largest country in the world after Russia by total area.
In this article, we’ll take a closer look at some of the most famous mountains in Canada, a list that will literally make you stand in awe.
1. Mount Logan
Mount Logan reaches an elevation of 5,959 meters (19,551 feet) above sea level and this makes it the highest mountain in Canada. It’s also the second-highest mountain in North America because only Denali in Alaska is higher at 6,190 meters (20,310 feet).
The mountain is located in the Kluane National Park Reserve which is situated in the southeastern corner of Yukon, the least-populated territory and province in Canada. It makes this up with the stunning natural features it has to offer, including amazing mountains and glaciers.
2. Mount Saint Elias
Mount Saint Elias is the second-highest mountain in both Canada and the United States with an elevation of 5,489 meters (18,008 feet). That’s because it’s located on the border of both countries on the Yukon-Alaska border. Its peak lies about 42 kilometers (26 miles) southwest of Mount Logan.
Because it’s located in two different countries, it also covers areas in two national parks. In Canada, it’s another major attraction of the Kluane National Park and Reserve, and in the United States, it lies within the borders of the Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve.
3. Mount Temple
Mount Temple is one of the most famous mountains in the Canadian Rockies. It’s far from being the highest mountain in Canada with an elevation of 3,544 meters (11,627 feet) but it dominates the landscape along the Trans-Canada Highway in this part of the country. It’s the highest peak in the Lake Louise area in the southern part of Alberta.
The main reason why it’s such a prominent peak is that located within the Bow River Valley. It’s located within the borders of Banff National Park, a protected area that features some of the most picturesque spots in Canada. Especially the north face of Mount Temple is quite impressive.
4. Mount Hubbard
Mount Hubbard is another famous mountain in Canada that is situated within Kluane National Park and Reserve. It’s also situated on the Canada-United States border and the U.S. side is part of the Wrangell–St. Elias National Park. Its highest peak reaches an elevation of 4557 meters (14,951 feet).
The mountain shares its name with Hubbard Glacier, an immense sea of ice that flows down its flank. This huge glacier actually emerges much higher on the flanks of Mount Logan. It separates Mount Hubbard from another prominent mountain in the area, Mount Vancouver.
5. Mount Robson
Mount Robson is a fascinating mountain in Canada for multiple reasons. It reaches an elevation of 3,954 meters (12,972 feet) which makes it the highest peak in the Canadian Rockies. It has a prominence of 2,829 meters (9,281 feet) which makes it the most prominent mountain in the North American Rockies.
It’s the centerpiece of Mount Robson Provincial Park in British Columbia and the most majestic feature of the beautiful Rainbow Range. The most stunning feature of the mountain is its south face which can be clearly seen from the Yellowhead Highway (Highway 16).
6. Mount Forbes
Mount Forbes is a pyramid-shaped peak that marks the highest point of Banff National Park in Alberta. It’s only the seventh-highest peak in the Canadian Rockies with an elevation of 3,612 meters (11,850 feet) but its peak is definitely one of the best-recognized mountains in Canada.
The mountain not only has a beautiful shape, but it’s also one of the most popular mountains to climb at Banff National Park. It can be ascended from multiple different routes. While some take up to 4 to 6 hours, the shortest route can lead experienced climbers to the summit in 3 to 4 hours.
7. Mount Assiniboine
Mount Assiniboine can definitely hold a candle to Mount Forbes when it comes to the shape of its peak. It majestically towers above the beautiful landscape of the Great Divide and it’s situated on the border of the Canadian provinces of British Columbia and Alberta.
The pyramidal peak reaches an elevation of 3,618 meters (11,870 feet) which makes it the highest peak in the Southern Continental Ranges, subranges of the Canadian Rockies. It looks very similar t the Matterhorn in the Alps in Europe and is therefore nicknamed “The Matterhorn of the Rockies.”
8. Mount Columbia
Mount Columbia is another high peak of the Canadian Rockies and holds the record of being the highest mountain in the Canadian province of Alberta. It reaches an elevation of 3,747 meters (12,293 feet) which means that only Mount Robson is higher in the Canadian Rockies.
It’s the most prominent mountain in the Winston Churchill Range, a subrange of the Canadian Rockies, and borders the huge Columbia icefield. The highest point of this huge mountain is situated within the borders of Jasper National Park in Alberta.
9. Mount MacDonald
Mount MacDonald is another beautiful peak in Canada and is one of the most prominent natural wonders of the Selkirk Mountains of British Columbia. It’s not that high compared to some other Canadian mountains in this list with an elevation of 2,883 meters (9,459 feet).
The peak is situated directly east of the Rogers Pass and is famous because it features several long tunnels. The Mount Macdonald Tunnel is an incredible feat of engineering as it has a length of 14.66 kilometers (9.11 miles). It’s an important part of the Canadian Pacific Railway (CP).
10. Mount Cook
Mount Cook is not to be confused with Mount Cook in New Zealand as it’s another boundary peak on the Yukon-Alaska border. Not only that but it’s also located on the border of the two popular national parks in this region, Kluane National Park in Yukon and Wrangell-St. Elias National Park in Alaska.
The mountain reaches an elevation of 4,196 meters (13,766 feet) and the amazing Marvine Glacier emerges from its summit. The huge body of water known as Disenchantment Bay only lies 29 kilometers (18 miles) from its summit which is quite remarkable as well.